Список словообразовательных суффиксов и префиксов в английском языке

Prefixes

anti- antiwar, antisocial, antifascist, anticrisis, antitank

be- behead, belittler, befool, befit

co- co-partner, co-owner, co-exist, co-author

counter- counterweight, counterrevolution, counterattack, counteragent

de- devaluate, demilitarize, demoralize, deorganize, decompensate

dis- discolour, discontinue, discredit, discomfort, displace, disintegration,

disorient, disarm, discount

en-, em- enframe, enbox, encage, encapsulate, embody

il-, ir- irregular, ineffective, inexpensive, inaccurate, impersonal,

im-, in- illogical, illegal

inter- interstate, international, intercontinental, intercity

mis- mislead, mishear, mistake, misfunction, misuse

over- overwork, oversleep, overeat, overpay

under- underwork, undersleep, undereat, underpay

un- unknown, unsuitable, uncomfortable, undress, unpack, unstable

pre- pre-war, pre-historic, pre-election, re-fix

post- post-war, post-impressionism, post-election

re- remake, resell, recopy, rewrite, reread, renew

sub- subnormal, subinspector, subtitle, subway

super- superheat, supercool, supersensitive

trans- transform, trans-Siberian, transarctic, transcontinental

ultra- ultra-violet, ultra-short, ultrafashionable, ultramodern

Noun-building suffixes

er-/or- leader, worker, transformer, boiler, compressor, ventilator, Londoner, New Yorker, cottager, villager

-ist colonist, realist, fascist, methodist, pessimist, activist

-ism patriotism, modernism, optimism, impressionism

-ent/-ant president, assistant, correspondent, informant

-ness hardness, redness, dryness, yellowness

-hood childhood, brotherhood, motherhood, fatherhood

-ship leadership, professorship, friendship, membership

-ion exhibition, connection, constitution, induction

-age marriage, language, shortage, luggage, cottage

-ie(y) sonny, birdie, doggy, girlie, Bobby, Freddie

-et(let) booklet, ringlet, toothlet, cloudlet, circlet

-ful spoonful, cupful, handful

-ics strategics, dynamics, mechanics, pedagogics

— ee trainee, employee, trustee, addressee, payee

Adjective-building suffixes

-less hopeless, priceless, careless, fruitless, breathless. endless, harmless

-able (-ible) exhaustible, changeable, checkable, divisible, reducible, convertible

-ed hooked, wooded, curtained, gloved, holed, pointed, forked, spotted

-y grassy, starry, rainy, roomy, watery, foamy, smoky, foggy, icy, silky

-ish blackish, fattish, bluish, sweetish, monkish, womanish, childish, Swedish

-like god-like, tiger-like, bird-like, egg-like

-ly friendly, godly, monthly, weekly, quarterly, cowardly

-an(ian, — n) African, Russian, Siberian, American

-full beautiful, helpful, thankful, doubtful, truthful, awful, dreadful

-ary (-ory) legendary, primary, ordinary, imaginary, military

-al colonial, industrial, feudal, original, mortal, royal, conventional

-some troublesome, quarrelsome, burdensome, tiresome

-ive creative, illustrative, constructive

-ous(-eous) dangerous, obvious, spacious, famous, mysterious, conscious

Adverb-building suffixes

-ly slowly, skillfully, regularly, softly, readily, hastily

-ward seaward, southward, upward, outward, northward, inward, backward

-fold twofold, tenfold, sixfold, manifold, hundredfold

Verb-building suffixes

-ize mineralize, specialize, localize, tyrannize, neutralize, standardize

-ate originate, differenciate, validate, agitate, indicate domesticate

-fy uglify, beautify, simplify, glorify, purify, classify, falsify

-en redden, tighten, brighten, blacken, freshen, strenghten, heighten

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